The history of Bolyai Society
On November 5, 1891, the Mathematical and Physical Society was holding its inaugural meeting with 298 people. The president was the physicist Loránd Eötvös, and the vice president was the mathematician Gyula Kőnig. In 1921, after the death of Loránd Eötvös, the society was renamed to Loránd Eötvös Mathematical and Physical Society. In 1944, after losing its possessions the Society was ceased to exist.
After World War II there was no way of refounding the Society. On 21 June, 1947 in Szeged Bolyai Society was formed as one of the successors of Loránd Eötvös Mathematical and Physical Society. It was hard to control the life of the Society from the far from the central Szeged, so in 1949 the head office moved to Budapest. The number of members soon reached 1500, nowadays is still around 1200. The Society became member of Association of Technical and Natural Sciences Societies (MTESZ) in 1948, the International Mathematical Union in 1956, and the European Mathematical Society in 1990.
The scope of activities of Bolyai Society
The Society promotes mathematical scientific research, enhancing and broadening the applications of mathematics, solving math education issues and popularization mathematics.
The Bolyai Society discusses and socially facilitates the solving of mathematical issues and for this purpose, if necessary, elaborates proposals to state bodies, or provides expert advice to them. To achieve these goals and tasks, the Society provides an organized opportunity to present and promote mathematical results, to analyze mathematical questions, to discuss current science and education policy issues. Congresses, colloquiums, pedagogical training, etc. (independently, or with other organizations) of the most vividly developing chapters of modern mathematics and in different fields of education.
The Society explores mathematical talents, promotes further training, organizes study and memorial competitions, chages out prizes and commemorates prizes. Participation in international Mathematical Olympiad is reserved for the best of middle school students. The various prizes of the Society serve as an acknowledgment of the work of outstanding performers in various fields of education and mathematics.
The Society edits and issues mathematical journals and colloquium publications and supports the literature. An English-language book series with more than 70 volumes featuring selected performances of the International Events organized by the Society can be found in all of the world's most important mathematical libraries.
The Society builds and cares for scientific and pedagogical relations with domestic and foreign associations and institutions.
The Bolyai Society develops its activities in the following three divisions: Mathematics Applications, Education and Science. In parallel with the departments, committees are in place to carry on constantly recurring tasks. Throughout the country, the life of the community takes place in county and city sections and groups.